The academic job market is complicated and
ever-changing. NCA has gathered data, information, and resources about the
academic job market generally and the job market in Communication specifically,
to assist job seekers and job providers. Here you'll find information about the number of Ph.D.s produced in Communication, data about job positions in Communication, tenure-track vs. non tenure-track academic positions, academic salaries,
and other information sources.
Number of Ph.D.s Produced in Communication
NSF, 2014 SED
1 From the National Science Foundation's Survey
of Earned Doctorates. The NSF historically categorized earned
doctorates in Communication with Librarianship. There are fewer doctoral
programs in Library & Information Sciences than in Communication. The NSF
also reports separate figures for earned doctorates in Communication (including
the subcategories of Communication Research, Communication Theory, Mass
Communication/Media Studies, Film/Radio/TV/Digital Media, and
Job Positions Data
annually tracks the job postings submitted to CRTNET, the NCA online Career
Center, and Spectra magazine (http://www.natcom.org/findajob/). The
chart below reports the total number of job postings by year for 2009-2015. The
figures reported are for discrete job postings and control for duplication.
NCA conducts extensive analyses of job postings in
Communication. NCA also reports on job listings data each year:
There is much discussion in the news media and elsewhere about
the decline in academic jobs across the humanities and social sciences. NCA has
analyzed the job postings data from several related disciplines to determine
how the Communication job market compares:
U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics also maintains employment
data for numerous sectors of the economy, including “Communications Teachers,
employment category includes individuals who “teach courses in communications,
such as organizational communications, public relations, radio/television
broadcasting, and journalism. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in
teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.”
- Number of individuals employed nationally in this category, 2015:
- Mean annual wage, 2015: $70,290
- Individuals employed in College, Universities, and Professional
Schools, 2015: 20,630
- Individuals employed in Junior Colleges, 2015: 8,330
- Top five states for postsecondary Communications Teachers
employment, 2015: California, New York, Texas, Pennsylvania, Ohio
- Top five metropolitan areas for postsecondary Communications
Teachers employment, 2015: New York, Los Angeles, Washington, DC, Philadelphia,
Tenure-Track vs. Non Tenure-Track/Adjunct Teaching
NCA's analysis of job postings from 2005-2010 reveals that of
3,328 posted job announcements, 549 were identified as adjunct/non
tenure-track/visiting positions--a total of 17 percent of all job
2015 Academic Job Listings in Communication Report shows that 57 percent of 2015
job postings sought individuals for tenured or tenure-track positions. The
largest number of position postings by far, 40 percent, were for tenure-track
assistant professor positions.
- “10 Ways to Get Yourself Fired,” The
Chronicle of Higher Education, April 25, 2012.
- “AAUP Contingent Faculty Index, 2006,” American Association of University
- American Association of University Professors, “Contingent Appointments and the Academic Profession,” November, 2003.
- The Adjunct Project (blog)
- The Coalition on the Academic Workforce, “A Portrait of Part-Time Faculty Members,” June
- John S. Levin & Genevieve G. Shaker, “The Hybrid and Dualistic
Identity of Full-Time Non-Tenure-Track Faculty,” American
Behavioral Scientist 55
(2011): 1461-1484. doi: 10.1177/0002764211409382
- “Job Market Looks Brighter for Some Ph.D.’s,” The Chronicle of Higher
Education, January 8, 2012.
- Steve Street, Maria Maisto, Esther Merves, & Gary Rhoades, “Who is Professor ‘Staff’: And How can this
Person Teach So Many Classes?” Center
for the Future of Higher Education, August 2012.
The 2015-16 Faculty in Higher Education Salary Survey Report,
from the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources
(CUPA-HR), contains detailed aggregate salary information from 743 institutions
for 241,491 full-time faculty in 32 general disciplines.
Resources and Other Information
- “The Almanac of Higher Education 2012,” The Chronicle of Higher
Fulton, “Negotiate Like a Professor,”Inside
Higher Ed, March 14, 2011.
- “Great Colleges to Work For 2012,” The Chronicle of Higher
Education, August 5, 2012.
Kreuter, “Salary Realities,” Inside
Higher Ed, September 5, 2012.
- “Presidential Pay vs. Faculty Salary Increases,2006-2010,” The Chronicle of Higher
Reed & Dawn M. Formo, “Negotiating a Faculty Job Offer,” Inside Higher Ed, April
- “Tuition & Fees vs. Faculty Salaries, 1981-2011,” The
Chronicle of Higher Education.